New York Times
The Daily Beast
Times of London
The Dead Pelican
Dept. Of State
Robert E Lee,
(S. W. LOUISIANA)
people are not fond of the
used to describe
our special little corner of
the world. The term leads
many to think only
descendants of the old Acadia
(Canada) settled this region
and built its cherished cultur.
more complete picture shows that Acadians,
Creoles, African ,
French, German, Irish, Italians,
Lebanese, Native Americans,
Spanish, and other Ethnicities,
made this region like no other on
Wealthy elites have relied on the allegiance of the white underclass to retain affluence and power (STIR - http://www.stirjournal.com/contact/ - Apr 1, 2016 By Jonna Ivin)
From the time of slavery (yes, slavery) to the
rise of Donald Trump, wealthy elites have relied on the allegiance of the white
underclass to retain their affluence and political power. To understand this
dynamic, to see through the eyes of poor and working class whites as they
chant, “Trump, Trump, Trump,” let’s look back at a few unsavory slices of
America’s capitalist pie.
Why do people believe myths about the Confederacy? Because our textbooks and monuments are wrong. (By James W. Loewen July 1, 2015)
False history marginalizes African Americans and makes us all dumber. The
Confederates won with the pen (and the noose) what they could not win
on the battlefield: the cause of white supremacy and the dominant
understanding of what the war was all about. We are still digging
ourselves out from under the misinformation they spread, which has
manifested in our public monuments and our history books.
What This Cruel War Was Over (The Atlantic JUN 22, 2015)
The Surprisingly Uncomplicated racist history of the Confederate Flag
Secession Acts of the Thirteen Confederate State
How people convince themselves that the Confederate flag represents freedom, not slavery. The Washington Post - By Carlos Lozada June 19, 2015
of Confederates are not wrong to believe that the flag symbolized
defense of constitutional liberties and resistance to invasion by
military forces determined to crush an experiment in nationhood. But
they are wrong to believe that this interpretation of the flag’s
meaning can be separated from the defense of slavery. They need only
read the words of their Confederate ancestors to find abundant and
The Truth Behind 40 Acres and a Mule ------ By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
all heard the story of the “40 acres and a mule” promise to former
slaves. It’s a staple of black history lessons, and it’s the name of
Spike Lee’s film company. The promise was the first systematic attempt
to provide a form of reparations to newly freed slaves, and it was
astonishingly radical for its time, proto-socialist in its implications.
Dr. Joy DeGruy - Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America's Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing (PTSS)
is a 2005 book resulting from years of historical and psychological
research by Joy DeGruy (formerly Leary) PTSS describes a set of
behaviors, beliefs and actions associated with or, related to
multi-generational trauma experienced by African Americans that include
but are not limited to undiagnosed and untreated Post Traumatic Stress
Disorder (PTSD) in enslaved Africans and their descendants.
PTSS posits that centuries of slavery in the United States, followed by
systemic and structural racism and oppression, including lynching, Jim
Crow laws, and unwarranted mass incarceration, have resulted in
multigenerational maladaptive behaviors, which originated as survival
strategies. The syndrome continues because children whose parents
suffer from PTSS are often indoctrinated into the same behaviors, long
after the behaviors have lost their contextual effectiveness.
DeGruy states that PTSS is not a disorder that can simply be treated
and remedied clinically but rather also requires profound social change
in individuals, as well as in institutions that continue to reify
inequality and injustice toward the descendants of enslaved Africans.
DeGruy holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Communication, a master's
degree in Social Work, a master's degree in Clinical Psychology, and a
Ph.D. in Social Work Research. She teaches social work at Portland
State University and gives lectures on PTSS nationally and
Only white people can save themselves from racism and white supremacism It's
time to stop making excuses, or we'll never overcome our nation's ugly history.
History of the Mouton family
data provides a narrative overview of the development of the area we
now refer to as
Freetown, covers the chronological period of roughly 1750-1900. In it,
the authors assess the
arrival of Europeans to the area; the land’s ownership by
members of the Mouton family; the
context of the antebellum, Civil War, and Reconstruction periods; the
coming of the railroad as a
dramatic spur to development; and the creation of the
Mouton’s Addition subdivision. The
authors also attempt to determine whether or not free people of color
inhabited the area prior to
the Civil War and how the place came to be known as
“Freetown.” This section is based largely
on archival research.
GOP, RUTHERFORD B. HAYES - FIRST FLIP
FLOPPER! ( Black People Change From
Republican to Democrat )
secret assurances made to moderate Southerners during his
campagne compromise negotiations for Democratic votes, Rutherford B.
Hayes agreed to withdrew federal troops from those areas
of the South still occupied by Northern Troops, thus ending the era of
(1866-77). In addition, he promised not to interfere with elections in
the former Confederacy, thus ensuring a return of traditional white
The Republican Federal
Government (President Rutherford B. Hayes) essentially abandoned
all efforts at protecting the civil rights of southern blacks.
What Was The Second Middle Passage ----- By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Thanks to the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, edited by David Eltis and David Richardson, we know that about 388,000 Africans were transported directly to the United States over the course of the slave trade, which ended officially in 1808.
Did African Slaves Rebel -------------------- By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
course they did. As early as 1934, our old friend Joel A. Rogers
identified 33 slave revolts, including Nat Turner’s, in
his 100 Amazing Facts. And nine years later, the historian
Herbert Aptheker published his pioneering study, American Negro
Slave Revolts, to set the record straight. Aptheker defined a
slave revolt as an action involving 10 or more slaves, with
“freedom as the apparent aim [and] contemporary references
labeling the event as an uprising, plot, insurrection, or the
equivalent of these.”
How Many Slaves Landed in the U.S. ------- By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Between 1525 and 1866, in the
entire history of the slave trade to the New World, according to the
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, 12.5 million Africans
were shipped to the New World. 10.7 million survived the dreaded Middle
Passage, disembarking in North America, the Caribbean and South America.
What Is Juneteenth ------------------------ By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation
from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This
involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property
between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore
existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor.
The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and
work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to
collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in
idleness either there or elsewhere.” —General Orders, Number 3; Headquarters District of Texas, Galveston, June 19, 1865
Which Slave Sailed himself to Freedom ------ By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
In fewer than four hours, Robert
Smalls had done something unimaginable: In the midst of the Civil War,
this black male slave had commandeered a heavily armed Confederate ship
and delivered its 17 black passengers (nine men, five women and three
children) from slavery to freedom.
100 Amazing Facts About Negros --------------- By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.