LAFAYETTE  PUBLIC  POLICY -----------"Mais, C'est Politique, Cher" 
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"Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity" (M.L.King)... so read & learn.
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C.B. Forgotston

Letter/From Birmingham


Some people are not fond of  the term used to describe our special little corner of
the world. The term leads many to think only descendants of the old Acadia (Canada) settled this region and built its cherished cultur.

A more complete picture shows that Acadians, Creoles, African , French, German, Irish, Italians, Lebanese, Native Americans, Spanish, and other Ethnicities,made this region like no other on the planet.


This data provides a narrative overview of the development of the area we now refer to as Freetown, covers the chronological period of roughly 1750-1900. In it, the authors assess the arrival of Europeans to the area; the land’s ownership by members of the Mouton family; the context of the antebellum, Civil War, and Reconstruction periods; the coming of the railroad as a dramatic spur to development; and the creation of the Mouton’s Addition subdivision. The authors also attempt to determine whether or not free people of color inhabited the area prior to the Civil War and how the place came to be known as “Freetown.” This section is based largely on archival research.

Alfred and his Vigilante Facts --

General Alfred Mouton statue Context Committee Facebook page:

Wealthy elites have relied on the allegiance of the white underclass to retain affluence and power    (STIR - Apr 1, 2016 By Jonna Ivin)
From the time of slavery (yes, slavery) to the rise of Donald Trump, wealthy elites have relied on the allegiance of the white underclass to retain their affluence and political power. To understand this dynamic, to see through the eyes of poor and working class whites as they chant, “Trump, Trump, Trump,” let’s look back at a few unsavory slices of America’s capitalist pie.

Why do people believe myths about the Confederacy? Because our textbooks and monuments are wrong. (By James W. Loewen July 1, 2015)
False history marginalizes African Americans and makes us all dumber. The Confederates won with the pen (and the noose) what they could not win on the battlefield: the cause of white supremacy and the dominant understanding of what the war was all about. We are still digging ourselves out from under the misinformation they spread, which has manifested in our public monuments and our history books.

What This Cruel War Was Over  (The Atlantic JUN 22, 2015)

The Surprisingly Uncomplicated racist history of the Confederate Flag

Secession Acts of the Thirteen Confederate State

How people convince themselves that the Confederate flag represents freedom, not slavery.  The Washington Post - By Carlos Lozada June 19, 2015.
Descendants of Confederates are not wrong to believe that the flag symbolized defense of constitutional liberties and resistance to invasion by military forces determined to crush an experiment in nationhood. But they are wrong to believe that this interpretation of the flag’s meaning can be separated from the defense of slavery. They need only read the words of their Confederate ancestors to find abundant and irrefutable evidence.

Letters: Lafayette statues themselves erase history  ---   ADVOCATE STORY --- March 27, 2016

The Stubborn Persistence of Confederate Monuments --- A new report identifies some 1,500 memorials to the Civil War’s losing cause, from schools to state holidays, ranging from the Deep South to the Pacific Northwest.

A Timeline Of Confederate Monuments  ----

The Truth Behind 40 Acres and a Mule   ------   By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
We’ve all heard the story of the “40 acres and a mule” promise to former slaves. It’s a staple of black history lessons, and it’s the name of Spike Lee’s film company. The promise was the first systematic attempt to provide a form of reparations to newly freed slaves, and it was astonishingly radical for its time, proto-socialist in its implications.

Dr. Joy DeGruy - Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome   Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America's Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing Image result for joy degruy, pictures(PTSS) is a 2005 book resulting from years of historical and psychological research by Joy DeGruy (formerly Leary) PTSS describes a set of behaviors, beliefs and actions associated with or, related to multi-generational trauma experienced by African Americans that include but are not limited to undiagnosed and untreated Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in enslaved Africans and their descendants.

PTSS posits that centuries of slavery in the United States, followed by systemic and structural racism and oppression, including lynching, Jim Crow laws, and unwarranted mass incarceration, have resulted in multigenerational maladaptive behaviors, which originated as survival strategies. The syndrome continues because children whose parents suffer from PTSS are often indoctrinated into the same behaviors, long after the behaviors have lost their contextual effectiveness.

DeGruy states that PTSS is not a disorder that can simply be treated and remedied clinically but rather also requires profound social change in individuals, as well as in institutions that continue to reify inequality and injustice toward the descendants of enslaved Africans.

DeGruy holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Communication, a master's degree in Social Work, a master's degree in Clinical Psychology, and a Ph.D. in Social Work Research. She teaches social work at Portland State University and gives lectures on PTSS nationally and internationally.

Only white people can save themselves from racism and white supremacism  It's time to stop making excuses, or we'll never overcome our nation's ugly history.

GOP, RUTHERFORD B. HAYES - FIRST FLIP FLOPPER!  (  Black People Change From Republican to Democrat)
Reconstruction: Honoring secret assurances made to moderate Southerners during his campagne compromise negotiations for Democratic votes, Rutherford B. Hayes agreed to withdrew federal troops from those areas of the South still occupied by Northern Troops, thus ending the era of Reconstruction (1866-77). In addition, he promised not to interfere with elections in the former Confederacy, thus ensuring a return of traditional white democratic supremacy.
The Republican Federal Government (President Rutherford B. Hayes) essentially abandoned all efforts at protecting the civil rights of southern blacks.

What Was The Second Middle Passage   -----   By:
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Thanks to the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, edited by David Eltis and David Richardson, we know that about 388,000 Africans were transported directly to the United States over the course of the slave trade, which ended officially in 1808.

Did African Slaves Rebel  --------------------   By:
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Of course they did. As early as 1934, our old friend Joel A. Rogers identified 33 slave revolts, including Nat Turner’s, in his 100 Amazing Facts. And nine years later, the historian Herbert Aptheker published his pioneering study, American Negro Slave Revolts, to set the record straight. Aptheker defined a slave revolt as an action involving 10 or more slaves, with “freedom as the apparent aim [and] contemporary references labeling the event as an uprising, plot, insurrection, or the equivalent of these.”

How Many Slaves Landed in the U.S.  -------   
By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Between 1525 and 1866, in the entire history of the slave trade to the New World, according to the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, 12.5 million Africans were shipped to the New World. 10.7 million survived the dreaded Middle Passage, disembarking in North America, the Caribbean and South America.

What Is Juneteenth  ------------------------    
By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
“The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.”
 —General Orders, Number 3; Headquarters District of Texas, Galveston, June 19, 1865

Which Slave Sailed himself to Freedom  ------      
By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
In fewer than four hours, Robert Smalls had done something unimaginable: In the midst of the Civil War, this black male slave had commandeered a heavily armed Confederate ship and delivered its 17 black passengers (nine men, five women and three children) from slavery to freedom.

100 Amazing Facts About Negros  ---------------    
 By: Henry Louis Gates Jr.

I Know Why Poor Whites Chant Trump, Trump, Trump.

Letter From Birmingham Jail  -------------- K. L, King Jr.
While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities "unwise and untimely." Seldom do I pause to answer criticism of my work and ideas. If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would have little time for anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and I would have no time for constructive work. But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms.